ELS Issue19 Practice Exams 7
1-I wish you wouldn’t………….me when I’m speaking – please let me have my say before you answer.
A) respond B) interrupt
C) imitate D) conflict E) address
2-If you’re looking for a good restaurant, the receptionist should be able to…………one to you.
A)recommend B) explain
C)prefer D) advise E) reserve
3- She decided not to tell her father about her exam results until the guests left, because she was afraid that he might lose his………….. .
A)annoyance B) grief
C)shortage D) intention E) temper
4-Dennis …………. got more frustrated with his job and finally left it when he could no longer stand the conditions.
A) utterly B)honestly
C) gradually D) deliberately E) instantly
5-It’s………….hot in Las Vegas in the summer, but the air is quite dry, so it’s not as uncomfortable as you would think.
A) obviously B) superficially
C) bearably D) sincerely E) awfully
6-Florence’s decision to move to Panama was completely……………- she didn’t speak Spanish, had no Mends there and left a good job in London.
A) sensible B) irreversible
C) immoral D) irrational E) intentional
7-Experts in sports medicine study physiology………..examine the effect of different sports and exercises on the human body.
A) owing to B) in order to
C) so that D) in spite of E) therefore
8-…………Nina was born in Berlin, she doesn’t have a German passport because her parents are Yugoslavian guest workers.
A) Since B) However
C) Although D) No matter E) As far as
9-Don’t pay the workers all of the money…………. they’ve completely finished the work, or you might end up with a half-painted house.
A)until B) when
C)while D) since E) provided
10-High in the mountains, Flagstaff, Arizona, is quite cold all year, ………Phoenix, only 150 miles to the south, can get as hot as50 C in the summer.
A) while B) therefore
C) besides D) so that E).otherwise
11-Bill never heard …….. Kris again ……….the big argument they had in public.
C) for/about D)from/after E)about/since
12-…….a high school student, Anne was obsessed ……..Byzantine art history, but now, she’s studying science at university.
A) For / like B) Since/about
C) As/with D) from/over E) like/on
13-After being very unconventional throughout her twenties, Maureen surprised her parents when she decided to……..and have a traditional family.
A) bring up B) settle down
C) drop off D) carry on E) set out
14-A ‘beefalo’ is an animal…………mother is a cow and father is a buffalo.
A) when B) which
C) that D) whom E)whose
15-Peter’s not bad at maths, but he’s not……….his brother, who’s a scientific genius.
A) so well that B) the best of
C) well enough D) as good as E) rather good
16- If Prank gets any………., I’m afraid he won’t be able to fit through the door. He already weighs 180 kilos!
A) fattest B) fat enough
C) so fat D) fatter E)too fat
17-As Soon as I finish writing this test, I’m going to have…………walk along ……… seashore.
A) a / the B) the / a
C) any / the D) some / – E) the / any
18-It’s difficult to decide…………of these blouses will appeal most to my mother’s taste.
A) what B) which
C) that D) why E) how
19-……..of the players……… contributed to the victory in his own way.
A) One/have B) All/were
C) Each/has D) Every/will have E) A few/will be
20-Wolves………in vast numbers throughout North America, but in the last couple of centuries, they……… quite rare, except in parts of Canada.
A) are living / became
B) could have lived/are becoming
C) have been living/will become
D) have lived/were becoming
E) used to live/have become
21-I………..the deadline for this paper is Friday, but there’s no way I………it by then.
A) knew / have finished
B) know / will have finished
C) have known / finished
D) had known / would have finished
E) will know/am going to finish
22-Ouch! I……. inside because I……….. by mosquitoes out here.
A) will go/will have bitten
B) have gone/was being bitten
C) went/would have bitten
D) am going/am being bitten
E) go/am bitten
23-Though the book……….yet, many people……..it from the publisher already.
A)hasn’t been published / have ordered
B)won’t be published / ordered
C)isn’t publishing / are ordering
D)wasn’t published / will have ordered
E)won’t have published / order
24-Patricia…………..French for more than two years before she………the opportunity to travel to France.
A)studied / was having
B)will have studied / will have
C)had been studying / had
D)was studying / would have
E)has been studying / is having
25-I’m glad that our iron ……….itself off if it………..too hot, because I very often leave it plugged in.
A)will be switched / is getting
B)switched / would get
C)switches / gets
D)is switching / will get
E)has switched / got
Find the best completion
26-We went to the travel agent’s to book a flight, …………… .
A)only to learn that there were no seats left on the planes
B)who is likely to tell us that we’ll need to get a visa before going
C)considering that the plane ticket was very expensive indeed
D)which also includes a few historical places, such as Hagia Sophia
E)and landed at Gatwick Airport in the middle of the night
27-…………unless he does very poorly in the final exam.
A)Dave has only done very little work for his finals
B)Joseph is certain to do well in his course
C)Greg has never been very good at taking tests
D)Paul couldn’t have answered that question
E)Bill won’t be able to graduate next month
28-Though both sides claim that they don’t want a war, ………… .
A)it causes a lot of suffering to civilians
B) maintaining a military is very expensive
C)the peoples of both countries are against it as well
D)they don’t seem to be able to agree in the negotiations
E)the presidents of both countries were once very strict generals
29-Harry has been earning a lot of money recently, ………… .
A)although he is one of the most industrious workers in the company
B)but he hasn’t managed to save a thing
C)so he can barely afford to look after his expensive house by the sea
D)in spite of the fact that his job pays rather well
E)until he’d contracted a serious disease and missed a month of work
30-……… ,yet it is much safer than it used to be because of modern safety equipment.
A)With a little care, you won’t encounter any mishaps
B)considering the great risk involved in automobile races
C)Skiing can be counted among the most dangerous sports
D)Household accidents account for many deaths of children
E)Drink-driving poses a great threat for innocent pedestrians
31-whereas I really love the taste of coffee, …………. .
A)I can’t stand it with milk and sugar
B)it is definitely my favourite hot drink
C)instant coffee is much easier to prepare
D)it is becoming increasingly popular in offices
E)it helps keep me awake when I have to work at night
32-……….., but with glasses, he can see as well as anybody.
A)Jeff used to wear contact lenses
B)Roy’s eyesight is so bad that he’s nearly blind
C)As a child, Richard’s vision was perfect
D)Tim lost his glasses when he went camping
E)John leaves his glasses behind wherever he goes
33-Russia lost a lot of land when the Soviet union broke up; ……….. .
A)nevertheless. not very many of them are very useful
B)even though many other things happened in the same year.
C)moreover, it is possible that they may try to find it again
D)in contrast, the rubble collapsed at the same time
E)however, it’s still the largest country in the world
34-…………, which is a sport combining skiing and shooting.
A)I’m opposed to the use of guns in sport
B)Canadians traditionally do well in the biathlon
C)Every year many people die in hunting accidents
D)The Swedes have a skiing division in their army
E)More people die from guns in cold, snowy places
Read the passages and find the best mark the answers
The official language of the Czech Republic is Czech, a highly complex western Slavic tongue. Any attempt from foreigners to speak Czech will be heartily appreciated, so do not be discouraged if people fail to understand you, as most will be accustomed to hearing foreigners stumble through their language. If you don’t know any Czech, brush up on your German, since, among the older generation at least, it is still the most widely spoken second language. Russian, once the compulsory second language has been practically wiped off the school curriculum, and the number of English speakers has been steadily increasing, especially among the younger generation.
35-It is clear from the passage that…………. .
A)more Czechs speak German than any other foreign language
B)as their own language is so difficult, Czechs prefer German
C)everyone in the Czech Republic speaks several languages
D)Czechs usually laugh at foreigners who try to speak Czech
E)Czechs learn English during childhood and German later
36-The author informs us that……….. .
A)it is now illegal for Czechs to speak Russian
B)Czechs do not want to speak German as it reminds them of the German occupation
C)most Czech schools offer courses in the Russian language
D)the influence of Russia is still felt in certain areas of the Czech Republic
E)Czechs were once required to study Russian at school
37-This passage would most likely appear in ………… .
A)a grammar book of the Czech language
B)a history book of the Czech Republic
C) a book about English language teaching
D)a travel guide for the Czech Republic
E) an article on the social history of the Czech people
The religion of the Jewish people, Judaism, is based largely on the teachings of Moses and other leaders as recounted in the Old Testament of the Bible. It is significant for being the oldest monotheistic religion – belief in one supreme being, which is given various names by the Jews themselves, including Yahweh, Jehovah and God. The two other important sacred books are the Talmud and the Torah, which contain the many laws and observances orthodox Jews are supposed to keep. The principal festival is the Feast of Passover: the principal place of worship is the synagogue and the priests are called Rabbis. Judaism is also noted for being the religion from which Christianity and Islam developed. There are about 14 million followers, about 3 million in Israel itself, and the remainder distributed throughout the world.
38-The passage suggests that Judaism is an important religion because …………….. .
A)it has three gods, all of whom are extremely powerful
B)it has many laws that the orthodox must follow
C)Moses was brought up under Jewish tradition
D)it was the first religion to believe in a single god
E)it has the largest number of followers among the major religions
39-It can be understood from the passage that………….. .
A)Yahweh and Jehovah are the names of Jewish holy writings
B)synagogues are rarely used these days, except by the orthodox
C)the constitution of Israel is based largely on the Torah
D)the job of the Rabbi is to enforce the law of the Talmud
E)the Jewish religion has at least three important sacred books
40-According to the passage, ………………… .
A)a large majority of the world’s Jews live in Israel
B)Christianity and Islam have historical ties with Judaism
C)Judaism is the most common religion in the world
D)there is quite a strong Christian influence on Judaism
E)the Jewish religion is influenced by the teachings of both Islam and Christianity
Laws are the collection of rules by which any state maintains order within a society. In Great Britain, the law-making process is conducted by Parliament. Proposed new laws are presented as Bills and if, after debate, they are accepted by a majority vote in the House of Commons, they duly become law. In Great Britain, as in most countries, there are several distinct types of laws. Constitutional law is concerned with the processes of the government itself Company law deals with the operation of many of the nation’s commercial and financial activities. These are branches of State law, that is, laws made by acts of Parliament. Common law, by contrast, is based on past decisions taken by the courts on various issues.
41-The aim of laws, as described in the passage, is ……….. .
A)to punish people who insist on violating them
B)to secure the people’s control of the government
C)to protect the government and people from chaos
D)to increase the government’s authority over the people
E)to keep threats to the existence of the state under control
42-The author informs us that Constitutional law………….. .
A)cannot be changed by simple acts of Parliament
B)is composed of several distinct types of Bills
C)causes great concern to Members of Parliament
D)has little bearing on the government of Britain
E)is related to the way the government does its job
43-As is stated In the passage, the difference between State and common laws is that………. .
A)State laws only effect Members of Parliament, not common people
B)common law was only valid in the past, while State law is still used
C)only State laws actually have financial consequences to the people
D)the former are made by acts of Parliament, the latter, by the courts
E) the latter is applied to common people, but not to parliamentarians
The term ‘castle’ is most commonly applied to the fortresses belonging to European kings or important nobles during the Middle Ages. The first of this type were built by the Normans in France, during the eleventh century. They were constructed of wood and consisted simply of a tower built on a mound and stood in a courtyard, which was surrounded by a fence and a ditch. By the twelfth century, the wooden tower had given way to a stone one, containing living accommodation for the whole household, centred on the Great hall, and surrounded by a strong wall. As new methods of attack developed, the outer fortifications became more elaborate in order to withstand them.
44-We can conclude from the passage that…………. .
A)a castle was a certain type of early defensive structure
B)every noble in the Middle Ages had his own castle
C)the first fortress was built in Europe in the Middle Ages
D)the first castle built by the Normans remained inhabited for a century
E)castles were used for defence, not as residences
45- The author makes it clear that in the12th century, …. .
A)the Normans became less influential in Europe
B)the towers were built of stone
C)a castle consisted only of a tower
D)a castle was still a residence only for the army
E)castles were strong enough to repel any attack
46-We learn that castles became stronger and more defensive………….. .
A)as new and better construction methods were developed
B)as they began to accommodate larger populations
C)in reaction to the development of new military strategies
D)as more and more buildings were added for the increasing population
E) when stone and wood were used together as building materials
Mozart made his first visit to Prague with his wife Constance in 1787, staying with his friend and patron Count Thun. A year earlier, his opera The Marriage of Figaro, which had failed to please the opera snobs in Vienna, was given a marvellous reception in Prague. Encouraged by this, he chose to premiere his next opera, Don Giovanni, in Prague rather than in Vienna. He arrived with an incomplete score in hand, andfinished it there, dedicating it to the ‘good people of Prague’. Mozart’s final visit to Prague took place in 1791, the year of his death. The climax of the stay was the premiere of Mozart’s final opera, La Calmness di Tito, according to legend, completed on the coach from Vienna to Prague.
47- We learn from the passage that TheMarriage of Figaro………….. .
A)was given its first ever performance in 1786, in Prague
B)was more highly appreciated in Vienna than in Prague
C)had obviously not been a success in Vienna
D)was clearly the first opera that Mozart had ever written
E)encouraged Mozart to write his next opera Don Giovanni
48-The passage tells us that Mozart…………… .
A)gave the first performance of Don Giovanni in Prague
B)wrote and performed two complete operas while in Prague
C)only visited Prague twice, 4though he really liked the city
D)died in 1791 while he was visiting Prague to see his opera
E)moved from Vienna to Prague, where he was more appreciated
49-It is mentioned in the passage that La Clemenza di Tito…… .
A)was Mozart’s least popular opera in Prague
B)was based on a legend which Mozart had heard in Prague
C)brought Mozart to Prague for a very short visit
D)was given its final form in Prague
E) was apparently unfinished when Mozart left Vienna
Ever since the 1978 Camp David Agreement and the 1979 peace treaty signed between Egypt and Israel, the Suez Canal has been filled with a constant flow of maritime traffic. It is 163 km long, but still not wide enough to accommodate modern ships sailing in opposite directions. There are plans to widen the canal but, for now, ships can pass only at two points – the Bitter Lakes and Al-Ballan. With a depth of 19,5 metres, the canal is deep enough for most ships, except for super tankers. The canal is the prime source of hard currency for Egypt’s troublesome economy. Each of the 50 ships that pass through the canal each day is charged a fee based on its size and weight. The average fee is about $70,000.
50- It is implied in the passage that………… .
A)the famous Camp David is located near the Suez Canal
B)the Suez Canal was constructed sometime after 1979
C)there are no bridges anywhere that cr6ss the Suez Canal
D)in the period before 1979, fewer ships used the Suez Canal
E)the traffic on the Suez Canal makes shipping dangerous
51- The passage suggests that…………. .
A)the Egyptians could make more money if they widened the Suez Canal
B)without the canal, the Egyptian government would be much better off
C) super tankers must proceed very carefully while going through the canal
D)the bigger and heavier a ship is, the more it has to pay to use the canal
E)the Israelis get a sizeable commission from the Suez Canal’s traffic
52-It can be determined from the figures in the passage that…………. .
A)most ships on the Suez Canal are under 20 metres tail
B)a large ship pays about $1,400 to pass through the canal
C)the Egyptians make, on average. over $3,500,000 a day from the canal
D)the Suez Canal is less than 20 metres wide in most parts
E)passage through the canal costs almost $100 per kilometre
Find the sentence for the blank that covers the meaning
53-Cocoa is a product of Theobroma cacao, a small tree originally found in tropical America. It flowers directly from the trunk and branches, and has fruits containing 40-60 seeds. …………. . At the end of all these processes, raw or bitter chocolate is produced.
A)These seeds are the raw material from which chocolate is made
B)The ripe seeds are fermented, dried, roasted and ground to a paste
C)About 1 million tons of cocoa a year is produced in Africa and Brazil
D)In the 1800s, eating chocolate and powdered cocoa were developed
E)To make chocolate, cocoa butter has to be added to balance the sugar
54-…………. . It affects eight percent of men and one in two hundred and fifty women. It is particularly troublesome when individuals cannot distinguish between red and green – the colours of traffic lights.
A)Acute alcoholism is a serious problem in the northern part of Australia
B)The origins of the colours used in traffic signals is difficult to trace
C)While some people think green is a beautiful colour, others prefer red
D)Colour blindness is an inherited condition affecting the ability to see colours
E)Persistent headaches and blurred vision are symptoms that may indicate serious eye disorders
55- ……… . Both are derived from the Greek term for city-state and have to do with the administration and oversight of communities of people. Police operations vary from nation to nation. In some states, police forces arc highly militarised and nearly indistinguishable from the armed forces.
A)The words ‘police’ and ‘politics’ are related
B)Police forces are part of the criminal justice system
C)Interpol has caught thousands of international criminals
D)Many of the regulatory powers of government involve some kind of policing activity
E)Many countries have centralised, or national, police organisations
56-Janissaries were the elite troops of the Ottoman Army and were founded in the 14th century. ………. . from the 17th century onward, however, Muslims were recruited as well, and they became a powerfuland influential force in the empire until they were massacred by Sultan Mahmud II in 1826.
A)The strong Islamic beliefs of the troops made them a powerful army
B)In the early 19th century, they tried to overthrow the reigning Sultan
C)The boys were chosen at a young age and taken away from their families
D)They lived in a special barracks inside’ the walls of Topkapi Palace
E)Originally, they were recruited from Christian boys and captives of war