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Ottoman Lands
92 okunma

Ottoman Lands

15 Ağustos 2015 17:57
Ottoman Lands



The lands that the state possessed in the years when Ertugrul Ghazi had founded the bey principality had a surface area of 5800 km2. Pursuant to the death of Ertugrul Ghazi (1299), the lands owned by this principality had reached to the surface area of 5.631 km2. Osman Ghazi had increased nearly three fold the surface area of the bey principality and in the course of his death (1326), the lands of the Ottoman Principality had a surface area of 16.000 km2. The expansion of the lands pertaining to the bey principality had been so swift in the years of foundation and it had reached to the surface area of 95.000 km2 in the period of Orhan Ghazi (1326); the surface area of 430.407 km2 in th eperiod of Yildirim Bayezid (1402) and the surface area of 500.000 km2 in the periof of Murad Hudavendigar (1389). Murad II Han (1451) had increased the surface area of the Ottoman State to the area of 880.000 km2.

The expansion had been continued on a continuous basis and in the period of Fatih Sultan Mehmed Han (1481), the surface area of the state had surpassed the area of 2..214.000 km2. In the period of Bayezid II (1512) the surface area of the state reached to 2.375.000 km2. The surface area had been speedily expanded in the period of Yavuz Sultan Selim Han. In the short period of his sultanate for only 8 years, Yavuz Sultan Selim Han had exactly tripled the lands of the high state and the total surface area of the state had reached to 6.557.000 km2. Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Han had increased the surface are of the state to the level of 14.983.000 km2 in his period of sultanate that lasted for 46 years (1566). The expansion continued from that date on despite with a slower pace and in the period of Selim II Han (1575), it surpassed the surface area of 15.162.000 km2 and in the period of Murat III (1595), the surface area of the state exceeded the area of 19.902.000 km2.

In the year of 1699 when the Ottoman State had reached its most extensive borders, the surface area of the state included the area of 24 million km2 together with the regions of influence. Actually, since the caliph of the Islam world was the Ottoman ruler, the influential regions of the state covered nearly the entire Islam world. As a matter of fact, the prayers were delivered in the name of the Ottoman ruler in the lands of the three continents in those periods. Taking this situation into consideration, the regions that were under the domination and influence of the state extended towards the central regions of the continent of Africa and the far east end of the continent of Asia.

The first loss of lands in the Ottoman State has been observed in accordance with Karlofça Agreement (26th August 1699) that was concluded pursuant to the defeat in the Military Expedition to Austria that was organised in the period of Sultan Mustafa II. Within 200 years commencing of this date that was considered as the beginning point of the period of decline, the surface area of the state decreased slowly one after the other; however, this diminution took place in a very slow pace. Considering the year of 1913; the surface area of the Ottoman State was totally 4.980.000 km2. Of this total surface area, the area of 180.000 km2 was located in the European Ottoman lands, the surface area of 1.800.000 km2 was located in the Asian Ottoman Lands, and the surface area of 3.000.000 km2 was located within the African Ottoman lands. It can be observed that the lands with the surface area of exceeding 4 million km2 was lost within only 10 years that included the period between the years of 1913 and 1923. Accordingly, it is obvious that the Ottoman State that had a peculiarity of the world domination maintained its sublimity and splendour until the years in which it collapsed.

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